Internet of Things (IoT) is the next big challenge in technological development. Low production-cost microprocessors that can perform basic control operations adequately quickly is now feasible, permitting uninterrupted operation and communication with a plethora of “smart” devices. Over the last decades, tens of thousands of systems measuring environmental parameters have been installed in the field. Many of these systems were installed aiming to optimize agricultural practices. Their inability to be used and exploited in the long run became apparent, mainly because of:
This situation takes place not only in Greece but in all over the Europe. The hardware and the software that will be designed during this project can remove the above limiting equipment factors. The main purpose is to develop an innovative system that exploits IoT technology for applications requiring low installation, use, and maintenance costs while it will be able to interconnect and integrate a large number of various types devices, covering a range of radius up to 1 km (with the possibility of extending to a larger area with an increase in power consumption). Additionally, the system should:
Under this project framework, the use of the proposed system will be evaluated in two different pilot applications, highlighting the comparative advantages offered by IoT. The goal is therefore to achieve a total Technology Readiness Level 7, with the demonstration of the original system at an operational environment. The first application concerns the consolidation of an existing telemetry network consisting of heterogeneous measuring systems. It will demonstrate the ability of effectively integrating such systems with the use of IoT technology. The second application aims to achieve reduced inputs farming through continuous field monitoring and automation of specific operations. Reduced input farming is about rational use of resources (e.g water, power, fertilizer, etc.) and field management for the optimization of quality and quantity of produced goods.